The Fundamentals of Human-Interaction Design

The fundamentals of human-computer interaction includes a mix of psychology, web design, computer science, information systems, marketing, entertainment, and business. Interaction design is the design of interactive products to support people in their everyday and working lives. This entails creating user experiences that enhance and extend the way people work, communicate, and interact. Moreover, much of interaction design needs consideration of cognitive, social and affective issues, and that designers need to learn to weigh the pros and cons and be prepared to make trade-offs.

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are essential to the economy and to sustainable long-term economic growth.

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are essential to the economy and to sustainable long-term economic growth. The demand for stem workers in the United States across industries is expected to grow faster than other occupations in the next decade.

Leadership isn’t about sailing through with great ideas and success stories.

Affecting change is often a wearisome struggle to get others to understand your goal – and a struggle that occurs behind closed doors. In the end, you are a number of others might be able to forge a compromise that, you hope, makes things a little better than they were before. Alternatively, you try to spread the vision to the next generation in the hopes that they will be able to carry on and succeed where you did not.

This was one of the hardest things for me to accept. You want to get to see the changes happen and you want them to be big, not a small step forward others will have a hard time appreciating.

Being a leader is about challenging the status quo, realizing that “the way things are” is not the way they have to be. What I didn’t understand was that no matter how diplomatic you try to be, somebody will always take your challenge personally and feel insulted. Surround yourself with a few good people who will ask similar questions of you. Through debate, you will gain a firmer grasp on your own beliefs and may even realize you were wrong. There is no shame in that. It’s not about being right all the time; it’s about how you deal with being wrong.

Go out into the world a better leader and a stronger person, and leave behind the next generation that will learn from, be inspired by, and build upon your efforts. Success isn’t what other people define it as; it’s how you define it for yourself.


Make as many mistakes as you can, and apologize for every single one.

Making mistakes are the best lessons you can learn from. Make them often, but be genuine about apologizing for them. When all else fails, take responsibility and apologize. No one will remember the apologies, but no one will forget the time you failed to take responsibility.

Don’t ever let anyone tell you “no”.

Don’t ever, ever, ever, ever, ever take “no” for an answer. If you want something to happen, it will because you will think strategically, thoughtfully and creatively. But please, don’t ever accept “no” as a “reasonable” answer.

Be the decisive element.

John Wolfgang Goethe once wrote:

I have come to the frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element. It is my personal approach that creates the climate. It is my daily mood that makes the weather. I possess tremendous power to make a life miserable or joyous. I can be a tool of torture, or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal. In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated, and a person humanized or dehumanized. If we treat people as they are, we make them worse. If we treat people as they ought to be, we help them become what they are capable of becoming.

I try to live by these words and have found that they are true. You have incredible resources, time and influence, so use them. There may never be another time in your life when you have this kind of power, so exercise it to the fullest.