ERROR: Will North America Have Another Video Game Crash?

The likelihood exists.



From 1983 to 1985, North America experienced a dreadful two yeras of the “video game crash” (a.k.a. the “Atari Shock”). The video game industry had a massive recession; revenues suddenly fell drastically and the second generation of console gaming abruptly ended. Although America was able to recover from that dreadful period mostly due to the flourishing success of the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) in 1985 and long afterwards, there are some troubling parallels to the crash with the way today’s video game industry is heading.

One of the main reasons why the crash happened is because computers were improving more rapidly than game consoles and, therefore, seemed more appealing to gamers. This is happening today with the not-so-enhanced PlayStation, Xbox, and Wii consoles compared to the advanced Apple, Microsoft, Lenovo, ASUS, Dell, HP, Acer, and other computers. While game consoles try to market themselves as an all-around entertainment system with their media streaming and library, computers are powerful enough for gamers to play games, view media, and do much more.

Another reason why the crash happened is because stores were filled with remarkably similar games. Today’s gaming market lacks originality with sequels that closely mirror their prequels (e.x. the Super Mario series), as well as new games that are near-copies of other games (e.x. Call of Duty and Battlefield). While there are game titles that do break away from that mold, they rarely become bestsellers. (When they do, their popularity grows at a much slower rate than game titles that have had a long history of success.) For that reason alone, game companies are afraid to gamble on uniqueness, and instead adhere to cater towards an audience of nostalgists and newcomers. The lack of diverse games will quickly make gamers bored, which will then cause a stagnation in the game market.

Lastly, like the video game industry between 1983 and 1985, today’s video game industry has an issue with budgeting. One of the biggest marketing failures of the 21st century is the WiiU, which did not sell as much as its predecessor, the Wii. This is largely due to the fact that when the Wii was first announced in 2005, it shocked the world with its family-friendly games and innovative motion controllers. Soon after its launch in 2006, Nintendo prospered from customers that included gamers and non-gamers; families and friends; young and old; and those that liked indoor and outdoor activities. Then, the Wii experienced a downfall in popularity due to various reasons, including how Wii game selections mostly included single player games, and how smartphones and tablets allowed their users to download gaming apps for free. The announcement and release of the WiiU surprised people, but failed to promise anything revolutionary.

If the video game industry were to experience another crash, I highly doubt that it will be as severe as the crash of 1983 since the gaming culture is immensely popular. Also, with nostalgists and newcomers supporting “recycled” games, the gaming culture will not only discontinue to evolve, but it will also leave gamers stuck in a closed community and prolonged loop of familiarity. To all the game companies (including my beloved Nintendo): Don’t just think about monetizing. If you all focus on ingenuity, then I, seasoned gamers, and curious outsiders will gladly hand over our money to you all.

First Impression of the “Nintendo NX”

The Nintendo NX has a stunning design, but there are some things about it that make me lean more towards not buying it.



Three days ago, I saw the reveal trailer of the Nintendo Switch (a.k.a. the “NX”).

I was stunned by the console’s innovative design. It definitely beats the Playstation console and the PSP hands-down because of how gamers can effortlessly switch between playing a game on the television to playing that same game on a handheld device.

Although the console is pretty cool, some of its questionable characteristics make me lean more towards not buying it.



1.) Incompatible with other Nintendo consoles

I’m disappointed to know that gamers have to insert a new cartridge into the Switch, since I don’t want my Wii and WiiU games to collect dust. Moreover, Super Smash Bros. 4 – the game my brother, friends, and I prefer to play with together – will never be compatible with the Switch. If Nintendo was able to make the 2004 DS and 2006 DS Lite capable of playing Game Boy Advance cartridges and DS game cards, then they should’ve been able to do the same thing for the Switch , Wii and WiiU.




2.) Battery Life

This feature was never described in Switch’s debut trailer, but I have a feeling that the console’s battery life will be pretty short. The WiiU GamePad’s battery lasts betweent three to five hours, and it has a 6.2 inch (13.7 cm), 480p, single-touch display. The Switch’s display will be the same size, but instead be multi-touch and have a 720p resolution. So, the Switch’s batter may either last as long as or shorter than the WiiU GamePad’s battery.




3.) Detachable controllers

Although the main selling points of the Switch are the detachable controllers and the console’s adabtability from a television screen to a touchscreen and vice-versa, those controllers look like they’re easy to lose. If a gamer didn’t attach one or both of the controllers to the touchscreen and ended up losing the controller(s), will the Switch still be playable? Nintendo accessories are pretty expensive with the original Wii controller selling for around $13 USD and the WiiU Pro Controller being approximately $50 USD. With those prices in mind, it’s easy to imagine how much money you’d have to cough up for each Switch controller you lose.




4.) Small, narrow controllers

I prefer playing with large wide controllers because not only does it feel more comfortable in my hands, but it includes better vibration and sound features that enhance the gaming experience. I assume that the Switch controllers will have similar vibration and sound features as the original Wii remote, which I think are no match to the same features found in the PS4 and Xbox One controllers.




5.) The rectangular shape

From my experience playing with the WiiU GamePad, the handheld Switch’s shape doesn’t look comfortable to hold. When I first played with the GamePad, it felt extremely bulky. Then, after a few weeks of trying to get used to holding it, I gave up. The GamePad currently sits in front of my brother’s television collecting dust, ergo I’m pretty sure the same thing will happen to the handheld Switch if I get one.




6.) Switch Pro Controller

Because of #3, #4 and #5, if I were to purchase the Switch, I would really want to play with the Switch Pro Controller. Unfortunately, because of how expensive the controller will most likley be, I’d rather not spend the extra money. With that said, the cost of making the Switch Pro Controller should’ve gone to improving the handheld Switch so that it’s curvier; has slightly bigger controllers; and has a 1080p resolution display.




7.) Large size

Instead of playing with the handheld Switch, why not just play with the small, foldable Nintendo SP and DS? The handheld Switch looks too big to fit in my small purses, and I definitely don’t want to carry a backpack around everytime I feel like bringing the device out of my house.


5 Things That Make “Doctor Strange” Seem Too Familiar

The movie remotely met my expectations for a character movie, let alone a Marvel movie. There are just so many things about it that make it too strange and familiar.



I was so hyped about this movie because I thought that it was going to be another spectacular stand-alone movie like “Ant Man” – my favorite Marvel movie of all time because the protagonist was by far the most human, most likeable, and the easiest to understand Marvel character to me. However, the movie remotely met my expectations for a character movie, let alone a Marvel movie. There are just so many things about it that make it too strange and familiar.



1.) The anthromorphic cape

Doctor Strange’s cape reminded me so much of Aladdin’s carpet.

I’m unsure of why that cape has a mind of its own. Is someone’s spirit in that cape? Does the cape somehow enhance Doctor Strange’s enchantments?



2.) Eidetic memory

Doctor Strange is an amazing doctor and sorcerer because he can memorize procedures? Wow… okay.



3.) Time Doctors

We all know why Benedict Cumberbatch got the role of Doctor Strange: it’s because he had a lot of experience being a Time Lord in “Doctor Who.”



4.) Inception

None of the characters are stuck in a dream world, but it certainly seems that way.



5.) Wristwatches

Doctor Strange replaced his most-treasured wristwatch for the Eye of Agamotto, which creates a glowing “wristwatch” around his arms and allows him to either fast-forward or rewind time.

This isn’t the first time I’ve seen a hero wear a wristwatch (*ahem* Ben 10).


20 Sins of Marvel Studios

1.) Re-introducing characters



2.) Removing characters



3.) Overshadowed characters



4.) Shallow characters



5.) More talking, less action



6.) Sequels



7.) Male-dominated MCU (Marvel Comics Universe)



8.) Fast-food humor



9.) Long-distance relationships



10.) Abandoned relationships



11.) Sketchy relationships



12.) Short-lived relationships



13.) Questionable relationships



14.) Hostile relationships



15.) Brother complex



16.) Third-wheels



17.) Absent leaders



18.) Can’t skip the credits



19.) Stan Lee doesn’t have a significant role



20.) Disney



I’d like to dedicate this space on my blog to express my thanks to 2NE1. Regardless of whether or not my readers are familiar with this group or K-Pop, I think this post is worth the read because it showcases how music can transcend borders to not only entertain people, but to also positively change and unify people.



I’d like to dedicate this space on my blog to express my thanks to 2NE1. Regardless of whether or not my readers are familiar with this group or K-Pop, I think this post is worth the read because it showcases how music can transcend borders to not only entertain people, but to also positively change and unify people.



Synopsis: Just when Thanksgiving comes around, my favorite K-Pop group disbands. This unexpected turn of events led me and other fans to reflect on  how much we’re thankful for that group.



I woke up this morning checking my newsfeed as usual. To my surprise, I saw 2NE1 as one of the trending topics. I immediately thought that 2NE1, my all-time favorite K-Pop group, was going to have their first comeback as a trio instead of a quartet (since one of their members, Minzy, announced her departure in April).


I was extremely nervous-excited for the remaining group members – CL, Dara, and Bom.

Deep down, I believed that they were going to dominate the music world again while remaining faithful friends to each other (especially to Minzy). Throughout their career, they have never failed to wow the world with their experimenting of multiple genres and styles. Their most recent album, Crush (2014), received high rankings by the Rolling StoneBillboard, and other music reviewers. In the past, their group-anthem, “I Am the Best,” topped the charts in America, France, Japan, South Korea, and other countries worldwide.

For the most part, I was nervous because some of K-Pop’s most popular and dynamic groups – Girls’ Generation, Super Junior, Wonder Girls, etc. – have been receiving negative criticisms for either dropping or letting go of their members. On top of that, the companies that manage those groups are so focused on forming new groups that they often neglect the very groups that made them household names in South Korea.

Speaking of new K-Pop groups, I remembered how the managing company of 2NE1 – YG Entertainment – formed a group that was meant to be the “New 2NE1” – Blackpink. I have no idea what YG was thinking when it formed that group because it’s nothing compared to 2NE1. One of the major differences between the groups is that Blackpink consists of members that meet South Korea’s beauty standards, while 2NE1 challenges them by defining their own beauty standards.

When I witnessed the 2016 debut of Blackpink through the release of their music videos “Boombayah” and “Whistle” on YouTube, I was shocked to see how quickly they became internet popular. When I discovered 2NE1 back in 2010, their coinciding debut music videos – “Fire (Space Ver.)” and “Fire (Street Ver.)”  – received more than two million views a couple of weeks after their release. On the other hand, Blackpink’s coinciding debut music videos received more than ten million views within the first five days of their release.

“If Blackpink can successfully amass a fanbase that quickly, then what’s the use of keeping 2NE1 around? Plus, Blackpink is more physically attractive than 2NE1.” That’s most likely what YG is thinking, and that was what clouded my mind despite how much I detested that thought.

With just a click on the trending topic “2NE1” on my news dashboard, I discovered the inevitable: 2NE1 disbanded.


I opened my Twitter to confirm the heartbreaking news.

I saw the trending hashtag #ThankYou2NE1.

After reading the tweets with the hashtag, my heart and lungs normalized themselves.  Even though all the BlackJacks (2NE1 fans) felt heartbroken like me, they expressed their thanks for the group and wished them continuing happiness. There was no reason to feel depressed when 2NE1 left the music world as legends.



I’d like to dedicate this space on my blog to express my thanks to 2NE1. The following contents is an approximate chronology of my BlackJack-experience.



“Fire (Space Ver.)”

This was the first 2NE1 music video that I saw. Funny story: My childhood friend wanted to search for “Fireflies” by Owl City on YouTube, but accidentally searched “Fire” instead. After we listened to the song together, she asked me if the song is in Japanese, since I was studying Japanese in middle school in 2009. I told her no and that I had no idea what language the song is in. The song was so cool that I decided to keep a mental-note of it.

(They were the first K-Pop group I ever listened to. Before them, I was actually listening to a Korean singer named BoA. At the time, I was only listening to her English and Japanese songs, not knowing that she has K-Pop songs and that she is Korean.)


“Fire (Space Ver.)”

Long after I saw “Fire (Space Ver.),” I decided to look up the song again only to find this alternate music video in the related search results. I was highly confused as to why the song had multiple music videos, since I didn’t know of any other singers who also did that. After watching the street version, I became highly addicted to the space version and Asian music in general.

(Little did I notice G-Dragon from the K-Pop group BIGBANG cameo’d in this music video, since I didn’t know who either of them were yet.)


“I Don’t Care”

To add to my confusion about the group is this music video. After many long nights of dancing my ass off to “Fire (Space Ver.),” I came across this R&B song. It took me the entire length of the music video plus an extra minute just to realize that this is the same girl group that sings my favorite kick-ass dance song.

(As time passed by, I grew to appreciate the song’s simple yet puissant message: girls can live independently from guys.)



This song seemed okay, but I jammed along to it anyways.

(This was my first BIGBANG music video. I had no idea who they were until a couple of years later. Also, I had no idea that this was a music video to advertise a cellphone called “Lollipop” until many clicks later.)


“(Try To) Follow Me”

Yay, another energetic song by 2NE1! It was time for me to start locking my bedroom door so that I can copy their dance moves in private.

(Honestly, I wasn’t that into dance songs until I discovered BoA and 2NE1.)


“Clap Your Hands”

“I didn’t know that they did hip-hop,” said the innocent me that had no idea that all of their songs are actually hip-hop based and never paid much attention to hip-hop music.

(I was used to hearing hip-hop music in my school bus, but it would just bypass my brain after going through my ears.)

It was around this time that I started to listen to 2NE1 more than J-Pop singers.

(I originally encouraged myself to listen J-Pop because, as I mentioned earlier, I was learning Japanese in middle school.)

(I still didn’t know that 2NE1 is a Korean group, but I continued to listen to their music without trying to understand the lyrics.)


“Go Away”

I honestly didn’t like this song the first time I heard it. CL’s extremely autotuned voice make me cringe. But after a while, the song grew on me, and I began to believe that these girls were savage because of the taunting English lyrics and the music video’s ending.

Moreover, as I kept replaying 2NE1’s music videos, I grew to appreciate these reoccuring messages: girl power, self-care, self-awareness, and inner beauty.


“Can’t Nobody”

No lie: I literally saw the premiere of this music video. I was mindblown by the visuals, music, and dance in that order. 2NE1’s distinguishable artistic-style set them apart from all the “kawaii” (“cute”) Japanese singers that I knew, as well as made them fierce! After discovering “Fire (Space Ver.)” a little less than a year ago, I officially become a BlackJack.

(This was the first time I ever associated myself with a music fandom.)

(I immediately showed this music video to the friend that showed me “Fire (Space Ver.).” She, too, instantly loved that video.)


“It Hurts”


It was good for my dancing body to take a break from 2NE1’s dance songs. After listening to this song, I no longer felt confused by how the group jumped from genre to genre. Instead, I was highly amused and convinced that they can sing any kind of music. I also realized that I had never listened to Asian female singers sing various genres before; most of the Asian female singers I knew of seemed restricted to singing cute, anime-sounding songs while non-Asian female singers were free to sing whatever genre suits their voice. It did not matter if 2NE1 had “the voice” to sing the genres mixed in their songs because they wanted to display their true artistry and timeless, diverse human thoughts and feelings.


“Don’t Cry”

I was surprised to hear Bom sing solo. I found it odd how such a sad song can sound so upbeat. Eventually, this song as well as 2NE1’s upbeat sad songs hold a special place in my heart.



Whoa, another solo song by one of 2NE1’s members, Dara. This video was where her beauty radiated and captivated me. She became the first 2NE1 member that I researched and fell in love with. Even though she isn’t Filipino, her “pinay-pride” (love for the country where the foundations of her fame were established) despite her initial mistreatment made me appreciate her cultural openness, as well as strive to become someone who is both accepting and understanding of different people.




It didn’t matter how close I was with the people that surrounded me because, for some strange reason, I feel lonely. Whenever I watch the music video, I feel like each 2NE1 member who are spiritlessly  and aimlessly walking through life.


“Can’t Nobody (English Ver.)”

My ears had to be rewired again because I had no idea that they were singing in English the whole time! I was under the impression that 2NE1 would have an English album, so I yearned for that album to come to America soon.

Although 2NE1 never released an English album, I learned that three of the members – CL, Data, and Bom – are fluent in English while Minzy knew some English from school and YG Entertainment. Additionally, I was able to comfortably share that English music video with my family and friends without having puzzled thoughts about 2NE1’s native tongue.

(From hereon out, I tuned in to 2NE1’s Korean and Japanese songs.)


“I Am the Best”

“This is their anthem,” I told that same friend who helped me discover 2NE1. This song is so empowering that whenever I listen to it, I feel like “a billion dollar baby”.


“I Hate You”

It’s been a while since I’ve seen anime. Well, this music video isn’t a Japanese anime, but it has some iconic features from Japanese anime: abnormally large eyes, tiny mouths, round faces, dramatic fight scenes, and a combat team.



Uh oh. My face felt mushy and tears were tricking down my cheeks. How can these girls sing a song about feeling ugly with smiles on their face? Well, here’s how I interpreted the music video: No matter how negatively I think of myself, I want to appear happy on the outside so that I can try to trick myself into feeling happy and kill my depression (even though there will always be times where those negative thoughts will resurface again).

(This is the first 2NE1 song that made me research the English translation of the lyrics.)


“I Love You”

This song sounds like it should be heard in a fashion runway or stylish store. Anyways, as soon as I heard this song, I had the strange urge to look up fashion runway videos on Youtube and vogue to them. Instead of feeling like the plastic dolls models are portrayed to be, I felt like a valuable being worth framing.

(Sadly, I don’t watch fashion runway videos anymore.)


“The Baddest Female”

CL definitely seemed “not bad meaning bad / but bad meaning good, ya know?” Haha, those lyrics caught me off-guard when I first heard them, since they seemed like really bad English lyrics. The message was understandable to me, but I wonder if foreigners who learned English as their second language knew enough American slang to understand the phrase that CL said.

CL’s solo debut also made me cross my fingers for Minzy’s solo debut. Unfortunately, my wish never came true.


“Falling In Love”

I don’t like beaches, but I definitely love having the summer mood. Hearing this reggae song from 2NE1 kept on reinforcing my belief that 2NE1 is one hell-of-a revolutionary K-Pop group.

(Before this song, there weren’t really any reggae K-Pop songs.)


“Do You Love Me”

This 2NE1 music video became the most enjoyable one for me to watch as soon as I learned that all of the members had the freedom to direct the video using cameraphones, freestyle dance, and play inside their boss’ mansion.

(Justin Bieber’s “Beauty and A Beat” music video is nothing compared to “Do You Love Me” because Justin obviously didn’t input much creativity into it except for his party persona.)


“Missing You”

This is the only song I know where I hear bubbly sound effects. Anyways, even though 2NE1 decided to stick to the conventional matching of the melody to the sad mood of the song after who knows when was the last time they did that, I easily understood the narration and my heart easily weakened just like when I hear “Lonely.”


“Come Back Home”

This was the comeback all the BlackJacks were waiting for. Watching this music video made me feel like I was watching a futuristic sci-fi movie, which felt amazing because I am a huge fan of sci-fi and sci-fi has experienced a growing popularity with “Doctor Who,” “Breaking Bad,” Marvel movies, and much more.


“Gotta Be You”

Seeing neon colors again since watching “Lollipop” years ago made 2NE1 seem young and refreshing.



Again, 2NE1 sings an upbeat sad song. I actually had no idea that this was a sad song when I initially listened to it. Reading through the English lyrics made me think that the sad mood of the song even more overshadowed than that of their other song “Ugly.” Yet, the song holds a similar message to “Ugly”: to try to be “Happy” in a dull world that may influence you to think otherwise.



Beyonce isn’t the only performer that can pump up the crowd by yelling through the mic. CL’s yells throughout the performance constantly reminds the world that 2NE1 isn’t just coming back; they’re coming back to “Crush” people with their killer yet lovable personalities. Those things and the fact that this song is their second studio album’s title track makes the song worthy of being called the group’s second anthem. (The first anthem being “I Am the Best,” of course.)


“MTBD” (“Mental Breakdown”)

From hereon out, I knew that CL owned the stage with and without 2NE1.

Weeks after “MTBD” was released, I was apalled to hear that the song includes a voice track of someone reciting holy verses from the Qur’an. I did not know much about the Islamic faith, but neither did CL and YG Entertainment. So, when some of the Muslim BlackJack were bashing other BlackJacks, CL and YG Entertainment for the cultural misappropriation in the YouTube comments section, I thought that the ignorant do not deserve such criticisms.

Ever since some Muslim BlackJacks sent hate mail to YG Entertainment and requested that the voice track be removed, their request was never fulfilled, and the comments section on YouTube was changed to hold more comments about embracing and learning about each other’s cultures.


“Hello Bitches”

Finally, I get to see a K-Pop music video with diverse beauties and fearlessness of cursing in English.

(P.S., this music video is in English. It’s hard to understand what she’s saying though unless you look up the lyrics.)



I know that it’s time to move on from 2NE1, but it’s still hard to believe that will no longer release songs together.

I just hope that BIGBANG doesn’t leave the company soon.

Enhancing or Misleading the Audience’s Understanding of Data through Data Visualization

Truncated Y-Axis

The y-axis should range from zero to a maximum value that encompases the range of the data. However, there are data visualization designers that change the y-axis range to start at a non-zero value. This technique effectively highlights the differences in the y-axis values while, unfortunately, making the data seem much larger than they actually are.

Simplifying the Display of Data

In some cases, it is necessary for multiple sets of data to be compared with each other in order to highlight the differences in their trends and values. But in other cases where the data visualization designer wants to highlight the similarities between the sets of data, the data visualization design can be minimized to have a single set of data. In that case, the designer can include a note under the graph saying that the same observations hold true between all data sets.

Balancing Information in Visuals and Text

Background text should not be cluttered with too much important information that can be incorporated into data visualization designs, and vice-versa. That way, both the background text and data visualization designs are concise and compliment each other in order to effectively communicate the subject.

Excluded Information

Some information can be excluded if it does not help the data visualization design communicate the subject. However, there are instances where information that has been excluded makes the data misleading. For instance, a graph that is only labeled with the data “2016” will make an audience believe that the data was collected throughout the entire 2016 year when it was actually collected between March and May of 2016.



Works Researched

“Bar Chart.” The Data Visualisation Catalogue. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2016. <;

“How to Lie with Data Visualization.” Heap Analytics. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2016. <;

Klanten, Robert. Data Flow 2: Visualizing Information in Graphic Design. Gestalten, 2010.

Knaflic, Cole N. “Bar Charts Must Have A Zero Baseline.” Storytelling with Data. N.p., 20 Sep. 2012. Web. 17 Nov. 2016. <;

Knaflic, Cole N. “Improving Upon “Good Enough”.” Storytelling with Data. N.p., 19 July 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016. <;

Pradhan, Archana. “Comparing Mortgage Credit Variables by Applicant Age: Millennials have the lowest credit scores, and highest LTV and DTI Ratios.” CoreLogic. N.p., 24 July 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016. <;

Re: Improving Upon “Good Enough”

While I was researching about data visualization, I came across this wonderful blog: “Storytelling with Data,” by Cole Nussbaumer Knaflic. After browsing through the front page of that blog, I decided to read the post “Improving Upon “Good Enough”.” Here are some of my thoughts on the contents of that post.



I have some thoughts about the bar graph below that Ms. Knaflic did not mention in her blog post.

This bar graph is from another blog post called “Comparing Mortgage Credit Variables by Applicant Age: Millennials have the lowest credit scores, and highest LTV and DTI Ratios,” by Archana Pradhan.

Without reading the original blog post where the bar graph is displayed, and by looking at the bar graph alone,…

  • I wondered how many people the surveyor gathered data from for each category (generation, single-borrower application, and joint application); and
  • I believed that the data was collected throughout the entire 2016 year just from reading the date “2016” on the bottom right-hand corner

These two thoughts of mine reveal major problems with the bar graph that should be addressed by revising the visual data itself, not by addressing excluded and confusing information through text.

Yes, the bar graph compliments the textual content of the original blog post. However, it is crucial that visual data convey as much important, clear, detailed, and honest information as possible because visual data can be…

  • shared by other reporters; and consequentially
  • shared with diverse, unintended audiences

Therefore, a data visualization designer should be wary of how…

  • people’s eyes are attracted to visuals first, a string of text second, and individual words last; and
  • people better process information that stands out to them the most